Swimming Pools

Residential Swimming Pool Requirements

PurposeTo insure all safety precautions are taken and proper inspections are made by Township Officials.

Definition: Swimming Pool. Any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 24 inches (610 mm) deep. This includes in-ground, above ground and on-ground swimming pools (including storable swimming pools), hot tubs and spas.

Definition: Storable Swimming Pool: Swimming pools that are constructed on or above the ground and are capable of holding water with a maximum depth of 42″ (1067 mm), or a pool with nonmetallic, molded polymeric walls or inflatable fabric walls regardless of dimension.


Special Constraints:

Must comply with all Zoning and Building Code requirements; must comply with the barrier requirements of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) Appendix G; must have Electrical Inspection; PA One Call must be placed; Plot Plan required.

The following is applicable for private residential pools only. Not all the requirements apply to storable pools.Check with the Residential Building Inspector for these requirements.

1. Application must be filled out completely.
2. A Plot Plan showing all setbacks must be submitted.
3. An Electrical Permit Application must be completed & submitted (Except possibly for storable swimming pools)..
4. A PA One Call serial number is required.
5. Application must be approved by Zoning Officer. Zoning Officer then turns it over to the Building Inspector. The Building Inspector does a visual pre-installation inspection before approving permit. The homeowner or pool company must have the property marked where the pool will be placed (stakes, chalk lines, spray paint, etc.)
6. The pool enclosure must comply with the barrier requirements of the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) Appendix G, a copy of which is included in the above-mentioned Guide or available at the Township Building. In some cases the pool may act as its own barrier while in other cases a fence must be built to comply with the code. The fence (unless attached to an above ground swimming pool) would need a Building Permit).
7. The Permit cards must be posted in a conspicuous place at the site of construction. For pools other than private residential pools, contact the Commercial Building Inspector.


Electrical Requirements for Permanent Above-ground Swimming Pools

All wiring must comply with the 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) Chapter 42.

1. GFCI-protected 125 volt, 15 or 20 amp convenience receptacle is needed 6′ to 20′ from the pool. The convenience receptacle cannot be on the same circuit as the pool filter equipment. Receptacle must have an in use weather proof cover and be listed type WR (Weather resistant).
2. Pool pump receptacle needs to be 15 or 20 amp twist lock GFCI protected with an in use cover ( if between 6 feet and 10 feet away from the sidewall of the pool).
3. Conduit for the pool pump shall be minimum cover of 18″.
4. Pump receptacle shall be mounted on a post usually 4′ x 4′ pressure treated.
5. Pool pump receptacle feed wires shall be individual conductors in conduit PVC or metal. The conductors must be rated for wet locations.
6. Pool motor needs to be bonded to the pool with a #8 solid copper wire.
7. If the ladder is metal it must also be bonded to the pool.
8. All metal within 5′ of inside wall of pool shall be bonded to the pool with #8 solid copper.
9. Bonding connectors shall be stainless steel, brass, copper or copper alloy.
10. The pool pump must be listed and labeled for swimming pool use.
11. A #8 solid copper bare wire (equal potential bonding wire) must encircle the pool bonding wire) – 18 to 24 inches from the sidewalls of the pool and 4 to 6 inches below grade. It shall be bonded to the motor and other metallic parts that require bonding.
12. The water shall be intentionally bonded by means of a conductive surface not less than 9 square inches in size.
13. A minimum size #12 gauge insulated equipment grounding conductor must be provided for the pool motor circuit.

*GFCI = GROUND FAULT CIRCUIT INTERRUPTER